8 Ancient Systems that is writing thatn’t Been Deciphered Yet

8 Ancient Systems that is writing thatn’t Been Deciphered Yet

The Indus Valley civilization was one of the more advanced in the world for longer than 500 years, with over a thousand settlements sprawling across 250,000 square miles of what is now Pakistan and India that is northwest from BCE to 1900 BCE. It had several large, well-planned cities like Mohenjo-daro, common iconography—and a script no body has been in a position to understand.

Some recent attempts to decipher it over at Nature, Andrew Robinson looks at the reasons why the Indus Valley script has been so difficult to crack, and details. Since we don’t know anything about the underlying language and there isn’t any multilingual Rosetta stone, scholars have analyzed its structure for clues and compared it to other scripts. Most Indologists think it is “logo-syllabic” script like Sumerian cuneiform or Mayan glyphs. But they disagree about whether or not it was a spoken language or a complete writing system; some believe it represented only part of an Indus language, Robinson writes.

One team has created the first publicly available, electronic corpus of Indus texts.

Another, led by computer scientist Rajesh Rao, analyzed the randomness in the script’s sequences. Their results indicated it is most just like Sumerian cuneiform, which suggests it may represent a language. Read the full article for more details.

The Indus Valley script is not even close to the only person to keep mysterious. Listed below are eight others you might try your hand at deciphering.

1. Linear A

In 1893, British archaeologist Sir Arthur Evans purchased some stones that are ancient mysterious inscriptions on them at a flea market in Athens. On a later trip to the excavations at Knossos in the island of Crete, he recognized among the symbols from his stones and began a study associated with the tablets that are engraved uncovered at various sites regarding the island. He discovered two different systems, we buy essays that he called Linear A and Linear B. While Linear B was deciphered in the early 1950s (it ended up to represent an early form of Greek), Linear A, above, has still not been deciphered.

2. Cretan Hieroglyphics

The excavations on Crete also revealed a third types of writing system, with symbols that looked more picture-like compared to those of this linear scripts. Several of those symbols are similar to elements in Linear A. It is assumed that the hieroglyphic script progressed into Linear A, though the two systems were in both use throughout the same time period.

3. Wadi el-Hol script

When you look at the 1990s, a set of Yale archaeologists discovered a cliff that is graffiti-covered at the Wadi el-Hol (Gulch of Terror) in Egypt. The majority of the inscriptions were in systems they are able to recognize, but one of them was unfamiliar. It appears to be like an early transition from a hieroglyphic to an alphabetic system, but it has not yet been deciphered.

4. Sitovo inscription

In 1928 a group of woodcutters found some markings carved into a cliffside that is bulgarian. The marks were thought by them indicated hidden treasure, but none was found. Word got around and very quickly a look was had by some archaeologists. Later, the head associated with expedition was executed for being a agent that is secret the Soviets in Bulgaria. One little bit of evidence used against him was a strange coded message he had provided for Kiev—actually a copy regarding the cliffside inscription he had sent to colleagues for scholarly input. It isn’t clear what language the inscription represents. Thracian, Celtic, Sarmato-Alanian, and Slavic are among the possibilities scholars have argued for. Another suggestion is that it’s simply a rock formation that is natural.

5. Olmec writing

The Olmecs were an old civilization that is mexican recognized for the statues they left behind: the so-called “colossal heads.” In 1999, their writing system was revealed when road builders unearthed an stone tablet that is inscribed. The tablet shows 62 symbols; some look like corn or bugs, and some are more abstract. It is often dated to 900 B.C., which may ensure it is the oldest example of writing within the Western Hemisphere.

6. Singapore stone

There once was a giant slab that is engraved of sandstone at the mouth associated with Singapore River. It turned out there for 700 years or so when, in 1819, workers uncovered it while clearing away jungle trees. A couple of scholars got a look it was blown to bits in order to make space for a fort to protect the British settlements at it before. The parts that did end up in n’t the river were eventually employed for road gravel, although some fragments were saved. The script has not been deciphered, but there were various recommendations for what language it might represent: ancient Ceylonese, Tamil, Kawi, Old Javanese, and Sanskrit.

7. Rongorongo

When missionaries surely got to Easter Island when you look at the 1860s, they found tablets that are wooden with symbols. They asked the Rapanui natives what the inscriptions meant, and were told that nobody knew anymore, since the Peruvians had killed off all of the wise men. The Rapanui used the tablets as firewood or fishing reels, and by the end regarding the century these were the majority of gone. Rongorongo is written in alternating directions; you read a line from left to right, then turn the tablet 180 degrees and see the next line.

8. Proto-Elamite

This writing that is ancient was used significantly more than 5000 years ago with what has become Iran. Written from straight to left, the script is unlike virtually any ancient scripts; even though the proto-Elamites appear to have borrowed the concept for a written language from their Mesopotamian contemporaries, they apparently invented their own symbols—and didn’t bother to keep an eye on them in an organized way, proto-Elamite expert and Oxford University scholar Jacob Dahl told the BBC in 2012. Around that time, he along with his Oxford colleagues asked for assistance from the public in deciphering proto-Elamite. They released high-quality images of clay tablets covered in Proto-Elamite, hoping that crowdsourcing could decode them. Now a collaboration involving several institutions, the project is ongoing.